Now that we know what we're looking for, we can talk about changing certain permissions. The result looks like this: -rw 1 user user Mar 19 foo. The file is an executable program so that's why the letter x is among the symbols. You created the file foo.
Changing Group Ownership The group ownership of a file or directory may be changed with chgrp. The initial character '-' in this case indicates what type of file it is. However, this is not a problem since the permissions of symbolic links are never used.
Here are some useful settings for directories: Value Meaning rwxrwxrwx No restrictions on permissions. Others means the general public. We'll save that for the Linux system administration course.