Ignorance is further represented by the darkness that engulfs them because they cannot know the true objects that form the shadows, leading them to believe the shadows are the true forms of the objects.
He tries to persuade his companions, that outside there is a more real world, and what they saw were mere shadows of the real objects. You know how looking at a math problem similar to the one you're stuck on can help you get unstuck?
All throughout human history, those in power have sought to protect their privileged positions by some form of psychological coercion. Plato, however, indicates that the fire is also the political doctrine that is taught in a nation state. In truth, their greed, vanity, and obsession with power were the cause of poverty.
You need to know the cold hard truths of reality regardless of how those truths make you feel. Religious This cave metaphor can also be interpreted on religious grounds, where understanding the existence of a higher power is limited to the prisoners living within the boundaries of the cave.
So, he goes back into the cave and tries to tell his fellow prisoners the truth outside.
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