Coetzee, a South African writer, chooses to set his novel Disgrace in the city section of Cape Town, Africa, a racially segregated era due to the aftermath of apartheid. The main theme of this book is irony, which can be plainly defined as the outcome of events contrary to what was, or might have been expected.
While there is a certain range of figures to choose from, picking out any to sympathise with is rather tough, as they all seem to have certain flaws. A time where people were divided into races and whites held power over the minority. Melanie, hinted as an African American women, enhances the story by showing how serious the situation becomes when a white man rapes a black women.
Coetzee presents how two different situations perceived as similar circumstances. Disgrace by J. I plead guilty to both charges.