A literary analysis of the scene between priam and achilleus in book 24
There is no glorious heaven; instead, the shades of men, good and bad alike, go down to the dark, windy world of Hades. When Hermes warns Priam that he will be in danger if Agamemnon finds him in the Achaean encampment, the hard facts of war are unwelcome and intrusive.
At last, Achilles has moved from rage to compassion. The revelation drives him into weeping, for what he has done and what he has lost. She runs to the top of the walls and sees her husband's stripped corpse being dragged behind Achilles chariot.
Who is the last person to speak positively about the dead hector?
Then they head out. Apollo drives courage into the heart of Agenor , son of Antenor, and Agenor resolves, after some indecision, to try to stop Achilles. Hecuba and Priam, Hector's parents, look on in horror, wailing and pulling out their hair. He offers to take them to Achilleus's lodging. There can be no sacrifice or martyrdom or true courage; their invulnerability disqualifies them from a claim to human dignity. He supervises the games well, interceding diplomatically when disputes arise during the chariot race, giving lavish prizes as promised and then giving still more. Finally, the exhausted old king asks if Achilles can provide a bed for him to sleep in. Hera's response, though, points to a different way of looking at things. Achilles cannot light the pyre until he remembers to pray to Boreas and Zephyrus, the north and west winds. Retrieved July 16, Poseidon taunts Apollow, reminding him of how they were both abused by Laomedon, Priam's father.
Achilles strips away Hector's armor, and the Achaeans run up around the corpse, men taking turns stabbing the body. Iris goes down under the sea, finds Thetis mourning for her son, and brings her up to Olympos.
He supervises the games well, interceding diplomatically when disputes arise during the chariot race, giving lavish prizes as promised and then giving still more.
Which two heroes wrestle to a draw in book 23?
Only Apollo's intervention protects the corpse from damage. With nothing to lose, their clashes can never be noble. Many people have noted connections between the last Book and the first because both involve a father seeking the return of a child. Some commentators characterize Hector as a selfless defender of his people and Achilles as a brutal killing machine. Athena has duped him in order to bring him around into a fight he cannot win. He sends Iris to call Thetis to Olympus. Priam sets out in his wagon, accompanied by his old driver. Zeus sends a favorable omen, and the old man sets off with his herald late in the evening. On the tenth day they cremate him. Hephaestus is the god of fire, and he unleashes terrible flames against the river.
Dying, Hector begs him to treat his body respectfully, but Achilles responds unequivocally and brutally. This movement of spirit is the central story of the Iliad, and it distinguishes Achilles as the only character who experiences a transformative change in his understanding of himself and his world.
He prepares the ransom, verbally abusing his remaining sons as they help him to get ready. Achilles has Hector's body prepared and wrapped, and Priam's gifts are moved into Achilles' possession.
Achilles replies to Xanthus called Scamander by mortals that he will obey, but not now: first, he will kill Trojans until they are driven back into the city and Hector has fallen. Achilles has a score to settle with Hector, but it is a score that came about partly through divine intervention.
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